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February 16, 2011Posted by on
Cupid, God of Love or …?
In Greek mythology, Eros (Cupid) is said to be the son of Aphrodite & Ares. In Roman mythology, Cupid is said to be the son of Jupiter (Zeus) & Venus (Aphrodite). But Cupid is a God of Roman Mythology not Greek . . . the question you have asked is hard to answer as there are many lineages peopl ebelieve Cupid is from . . . The ancient poet Hesiod, however, explains in his text Theogony that Cupid was created by both the god Chaos and the Earth, working together. In other lineages and tales, Cupid is assigned Jupiter and Venus as parents. In yet another version of the god’s lineage, Cupid is labeled as the son of Nyx and Erebus.
In popular culture, Cupid is frequently shown shooting his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine’s Day. He is now in the current culture the personification of love and courtship in general.
In the Roman version, Cupid was the son of Venus (goddess of love) and Mars. In the Greek version he was named Eros and seen as one of the primordial gods (though other myths exist as well). Cupid was often depicted with wings, a bow, and a quiver of arrows. The following story is almost identical in both cultures; the most familiar version is found in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. When Cupid’s mother Venus became jealous of the princess Psyche, who was so beloved by her subjects that they forgot to worship Venus, she ordered Cupid to make Psyche fall in love with the vilest thing in the world. While Cupid was sneaking into her room to shoot Psyche with a golden arrow, he accidentally scratched himself with his own arrow and fell deeply in love with her.
Following that, Cupid visited Psyche every night while she slept. Speaking to her so that she could not see him, he told her never to try to see him. Psyche, though, incited by her two older sisters who told her Cupid was a monster, tried to look at him and angered Cupid. When he left, she looked all over the known world for him until at last the leader of the gods, Jupiter, gave Psyche the gift of immortality so that she could be with him. Together they had a daughter, Voluptas, or Hedone, (meaning pleasure) and Psyche became a goddess. Her name “Psyche” means “soul.”
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